LGBTQ in Spain

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Information and facts regarding LGBTQ views in Spain:

  • Same-sex marriage and adoption by same-sex couples was legalized in 2005.
  • Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people may serve openly in the Spanish Armed Forces.
  • Hate crimes and hate speeches on the basis of both sexual orientation and gender identity have been banned since 1995
  • Since 2007, transgender persons can register under their preferred sex in public documents such as birth certificates, identity cards and passports without undergoing prior surgical change.
  • In Valencia, state schools are obliged to grant transgender minors access to bathrooms and changing rooms corresponding to their chosen gender, rather than that they were born with. The education department also requires primary schools to record in their administrative documents the gender chosen by transgender or intergender students, as well as to respect their physical image and their choice of clothing. The local government passed 'Ley Integral de Identidad de Genero" in 2017, which recognizes that self-determination of gender identity is a human right.
  • Employment discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation has been illegal in the country since 1995. However, employment discrimination on the basis of gender identity isn't banned nationwide. Valencia specifically approved an anti-discrimination bill in April 2017. It also banned the use of conversion therapies that same year.
  • Five autonomous communities also ban discrimination based on sex characteristics, thereby protecting intersex people from discrimination. These autonomous communities are Valencia (2017), Galicia (2014), Catalonia (2014), the Balearic Islands (2016), and Murcia (2016).


Public Views:

  • Among the countries studied by Pew Research Center in 2013, Spain was ranked the most gay-friendly country in the world, with an 88% of society supporting the gay community compared to 11% who do not.
  • Buzzfeed News, in collaboration with UCLA Law School's Williams Institute, conducted a poll in December 2016 across several countries on the acceptance of transgender individuals. Spain ranked the most accepting in most categories, with 87% of those polled believing transgender people should be protected from discrimination, and only 8% believing there is something mentally or physically wrong with them. Alongside that, 77% believe trans people should be allowed to use the bathroom that matches their gender identity rather than being forced to use the one of their birth-assigned gender, with over 50% strongly agreeing with this.
  • In the latest Rainbow Europe report, Spain scored 67 percent in its protections for and rights granted to lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people (LGBT), falling behind Malta (88), Norway (78) , UK (76), Belgium (72), France (71), Portugal (69 percent), Finland (68) and Denmark (68) .